What is the Connection Between Hormones and Eye Health?

Jun 1, 2023

Most of us have heard about hormonal changes at some point in our lives. We all know how they can affect different parts of our body leading to changes in mood, behavior, and physical appearance. But did you know that hormones also play a vital role in maintaining our eye health? Let’s take a closer look at hormones and their impact on our eyes. 

Thyroid hormones 

The thyroid gland, located at the base of your neck, produces hormones that help regulate your metabolism and energy levels. When these hormones are out of balance, it can lead to a range of eye problems such as dry eyes, bulging eyes, and vision changes. It’s important to keep your thyroid hormones in check to prevent these issues. 


Estrogen is a hormone that plays a role in reproductive health and bone density, but it can also affect the eyes. Research suggests that changes in estrogen levels can lead to dry eyes and an increased risk of glaucoma. Reduced estrogen levels during pregnancy and menopause can affect tear production, which can in turn cause dry eyes.  


Testosterone is often associated with male health, but it’s also present in women in smaller amounts. Low levels of testosterone can lead to dry eyes and blurred vision. Lower levels of testosterone have also been linked to an increased risk of developing cataracts. Cataracts occur when the lens of the eye becomes cloudy, leading to decreased vision. Testosterone has been shown to help prevent the formation of cataracts by protecting the lens from oxidative damage. 


Cortisol is a hormone that helps the body respond to stress. High levels of cortisol can lead to a range of health problems, including eye problems such as glaucoma and cataracts. It’s important to manage stress levels to prevent these issues. 

Preventing eye damage due to hormonal imbalances 

Prevention is key when it comes to maintaining good eye health. Here are a few things you can do to promote eye health and prevent problems caused by hormonal imbalances: 

  • Eat a healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains to support eye health. 
  • Exercise regularly to balance hormones and reduce the risk of eye problems. 
  • Avoid smoking and excessive alcohol consumption, as these can negatively impact eye health. 
  • Get regular eye exams to detect eye problems early and ensure prompt treatment. 

By taking steps to maintain hormonal balance and promote good eye health, you can reduce the risk of eye problems and enjoy healthy vision for years to come. If you’re experiencing any eye problems, schedule an appointment at our office in Andalusia. We can determine if a hormonal imbalance or other issue is causing your symptoms and recommend the best treatment options.